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Who Started the Hamas-Israel Conflict

the Hamas-Israel Conflict

Who Started the Hamas-Israel Conflict ?

The Hamas-Israel conflict is a complex and multifaceted issue that has its roots in the broader Israeli-Palestinian conflict. To understand the origins of the Hamas-Israel conflict, it’s essential to delve into the historical, political, and social contexts that have shaped the relationship between these two entities.

The Hamas-Israel Conflict Historical Background

The Birth of Israel and the Palestinian Exodus (1948): The State of Israel was established in 1948, following the United Nations’ partition plan. The creation of Israel led to a war between the new state and its Arab neighbors. As a result, hundreds of thousands of Palestinians fled or were expelled from their homes, an event known as the Nakba or “catastrophe” in Arabic. This event is a foundational grievance for Palestinians and a significant point of contention in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Occupation of Gaza (1967): In the Six-Day War of 1967, Israel captured the Gaza Strip from Egypt. The occupation brought a significant Palestinian population under Israeli control, setting the stage for future tensions.

Emergence of Hamas

Hamas, which means “zeal” in Arabic, was founded in 1987 during the First Intifada, a Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule in the occupied territories. The organization emerged as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood, a pan-Islamic movement. Hamas combined religious fervor with Palestinian nationalism, positioning itself as both a social service provider and a resistance movement against Israeli occupation.

Key Events Leading to the Conflict

First Intifada (1987-1993): The uprising saw widespread protests, boycotts, and clashes between Palestinians and Israeli forces. Hamas gained popularity during this period due to its active participation in the resistance and its provision of social services to Palestinians.
Oslo Accords (1993): The peace agreement between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) aimed to establish a framework for Palestinian self-rule. However, Hamas opposed the accords, viewing them as a betrayal of Palestinian rights.
Second Intifada (2000-2005): A renewed uprising erupted in 2000, with Hamas playing a significant role in the violence, particularly through suicide bombings.
Hamas’ Electoral Victory (2006): In a surprising turn of events, Hamas won the Palestinian legislative elections in 2006. The international community, including Israel, largely shunned the Hamas-led government due to the group’s refusal to recognize Israel and renounce violence.
Gaza Takeover (2007): A year after its electoral victory, Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip after a violent conflict with Fatah, the dominant party in the PLO. This event solidified the division between the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip and the Fatah-dominated West Bank.

The Cycle of Conflict

Since Hamas’ takeover of Gaza, the region has witnessed several rounds of intense fighting between Israel and Hamas. These conflicts have been characterized by rocket attacks from Gaza into Israel and Israeli airstrikes on Gaza. The reasons for these flare-ups vary but often involve disputes over border restrictions, retaliatory attacks, and broader political dynamics.


The question of “who started the Hamas-Israel conflict” is deeply intertwined with the broader Israeli-Palestinian conflict. While Hamas’ resistance to Israeli rule and its use of violence have been central to the conflict’s escalation, Israel’s policies in the occupied territories and its blockade of Gaza have also played a significant role.
Understanding the origins and dynamics of the Hamas-Israel conflict requires a nuanced examination of historical events, political decisions, and the aspirations and grievances of both sides. While the path to peace remains elusive, acknowledging the complexities of the conflict is a crucial step towards finding a resolution.